[코리아포스트=이경식 기자]니콜로즈 압하자바 주한 조지아 대사와 부인은 5월 26일자국의 독립기념일을 맞이하여 서울 롯데호텔에서 축하 오찬회를 열었다. 이날 행사에는 강창희 전 국회의장과 각국 대사 약 50명이 부인과 참석하여 큰 성황을 이루었다.
특히 이 모임에는 평소 대사관연회에 모습을 잘 드러내지 않는 마크리퍼트 주한 미국대사도 참석을 하여주위의 눈길을 끌었다.
지난 3월 5일 한 과격 친북분자로 부터 테러 공격을 받은지 벌써 82일이 경과 했는데도 상처는 아직도 얼굴에 흔적이 보였고 손은 붕대로 감고 있었다.
범인의 말로는“한미합동 훈련을 반대해서” 자행했다고 했지만 누가봐도 미군철수를 유도해 ‘김정은에 의한 대한민국적화’라는 목표가 숨겨져 있는 것을 모르는 한국인은 없는것 같이 보였다. 그런데 그런 망상을가진 사람들은 그런 결과가 어떤것이 될 것인지는 잘 모르고 있다.
(참고‘북한통치하 3개월의서울’ http://www.koreapost.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=2459)
그러나 리퍼드대사는 그 불상사를 이미 잊은듯 한국인 하객과 외국인 하객을 가리지 않고 만나 악수를 했으며 사진도 함께 찍었다. 분명히 동료외교 사절보다는 한국인 하객을 더만났고 그의 표정으로 보아‘ 한국인을 정말 좋아하는 구나’하는 느낌이 들었다.
조지아는 아직도 많은 한국인들이‘그루지야’라고 부르고 있는데 압하자바 주한 조지아대사는 이것을 대단히 싫어한다. “우리는 예전 부터 조지아라고 불러왔고 대한민국도 2011년에 그리 부르겠다고 합의를 했으며 세계 여러나라들이 조지아로 부르고 있습니다.”라고 코리아포스트와의 인터뷰에서 강조하였다.
사실 조지아를 그루지야라고 부르는 나라는 북한과 러시아권 그리고 비영어권 나라들인데 점차 조지아로통일이 되어가고 있는 추세이다.
이날 하객에게 압하자바 주한 조지아대사의 환영인사 겸 축사에는 주목할 만한 대목이 많이 있었다.
대사의 말에 따르면 조지아는 사실은 지금 부터 97년전인 1918년에 독립법을 제정을 하였는데 여기에는근백년 전인데도 민주적인 요소들이 명시되어 있었으며 그에 따라 조이아의 제1공화국이 수립되었다. 그러나 그 후 구 소비에트연방이 이나라를 병합하여 1개의 지방공화국으로 만들었는데 구소련이 붕괴되고 1991년 4월 9일조지아는 독립을 되찾았다.
그 후 조지아는 일취월장하여 세계은행의 ‘2015년도사업평가보고서’에서 189개국중 15번째라는 놀라운성과를 거두었고, ‘2015 헤리티지재단의 경제 자유지수’에서는 73점을 얻어‘세계에서 22번째로 사업하기자유로운 나라’로 인정을 받았으며 유럽에서만 43개국중 11위를 기록하였다.
“대한민국과 우리 조지아간의 경제와 문화적 협력도 급속도로 증대하고 있으며, 양국간 무역도 크게 증대하고 있 고한국관광객의 조지아 방문자수도 많이 늘고 있습니다. 또한 한국기업이 조지아내에서 진행중인 대형사회간접 및 에너지프로젝트도 진행중에 있고 각종문화행사도 한국에서 열렸습니다.”라고 급격히 발전하는 양국관계를 역설하였다. 다음은 관련 코리아포트의 영문기사와 조지아대사의연설문:
Largest attendance of envoys in recent months, including Amb. Lippert
Georgia celebrates Independence Day amid continuous improvement
Ambassador Nikoloz Apkhazava of Georgia in the Republic of Korea (ROK) and Mrs. Katherine Popova Apkhazava are among the most popular among other ambassadors and spouses in Korea for their personal affinity and, perhaps, so is their country among other countries of the world.
This was immediately apparent at their country’s Independence Day luncheon reception at the Lotte Hotel in Seoul on May 26, 2015.
There were so many ambassadors and other senior members of the Seoul Diplomatic Corps in attendance at the reception, which was the largest in many months.
Popularity of the ambassador and madam plus their country was further proven by the attendance of some ambassadors and madams who are not frequently seen at such diplomatic functions
They included Ambassador Mark W. Lippert of the United States who is rarely seen attending such parties and this is not so much due to his lack of personal desire to do so as to security reason since the most unfortunate incident for both Korea and the US where an all but insane Korean man carried out a terrorist attack on Ambassador Lippert. Many Koreans then said, “Why, the guy is even much worse than the arsonist who burnt down the Namdaemun Gate1!” Others sad, “He must be a ‘Kim Jong-Un Man’ who wants to destroy the ROK-US relations and cause the US troops withdraw from Korea--leaving the ROK at the mercy of the tyrant of nuclear-armed North Korea!” Many Koreans were exasperated against the assailant all the more because he attacked an ambassador who had such heart-felt friendly feelings toward the people in the ROK like President Barack Obama who so highly praises the Korean people, especially the hard-working students.
Anyway, Ambassador Lippert was there and mingled with many Korean guests taking photos with them as well as with ambassadors, many of them East European countries.
Georgia wants to be identified as Georgia in the English pronunciation—and not with ‘Gurugia’ which most Koreans used to pronounce the name of Georgia as. People in the ROK started calling Georgia in the English sound beginning in 2011 and not in the other pronunciation sounding ‘Gurujia.’
Ambassador Apkhazava made a welcome speech which was convincing and persuasive how Georgia was coming closer to the free democratic system through continuous reforms aimed at making the country freer, the people happier and the business environment more attractive to prospective foreign direct investors.
Speaking to the guests, Ambassador Apkhazava said that World placedGeorgia 15thamong 189 countries in terms of easy business environment, scored 73 making Georgian economy the 22nd freest in the world. He said, “Georgia ranks 6th among the top 10 safest countries in the world.” (See excerpts for further details).
As was briefly mentioned above, attendance of the ambassadors was among the largest in recent months, who, even in the group picture totaled 45 which did not include many more who came later, including Ambassador Lippert.
On May 26, Georgia celebrates its Independence Day, commemorating the Act of Independence of 1918, which outlined the main principles of the nation’s democracy and established its first Democratic Republic. After being a part of the former Soviet Union, the country regained its sovereignty on April 9, 1991.
Present-day Georgia is a dynamically developing democratic state. Continuous legislative and economic reforms brought the country a well-deserved image of one of the world's successful reformers and allowed to eradicate corruption, minimize bureaucracy, improve living standards and create a business friendly environment.
World Bank's annual report “Doing Business 2015” places Georgia on the 15th position in terms of ease of doing business amongst 189 states. In the Heritage Foundation 2015 Index of Economic Freedom, Georgia scores 73, making its economy the 22nd freest in the world and 11th out of 43 countries in Europe. Georgia's position improved in five out of the 10 economic freedoms including freedom from corruption, the control of government spending, business freedom, monetary freedom and investment freedom.
Excerpts from the speech of Ambassador Apkhazava:
According to the World Bank report “Investing Across Borders" (IAB), among the 87 countries under study Georgia is one of the economies most open to foreign equity ownership. Georgia ranks 6th in the list of "Top 10 Safest Countries in the World 2015" made by U.S. lifestyle magazine Presscave (based on the Global Peace Index (GPI) issued by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP)). It was named 25th on the New York Times list of 52 places to go in 2015.
Georgia's government is committed to continue on the path of reforms leading to economic growth and strengthening of thedemocratic institutions. While modernizing its own economy, Georgia takes an active part in regional and international economic projects aimed at developing infrastructure, interconnecting transport and energy networks, facilitating trade and investments.
Being a reliable partner, Georgia's importance is gradually increasing as a key logistics and transit element of the Europe-Asia corridor,which significantly cuts the costs and duration of transportation of cargo from Asia to Europe. At the UN General Assembly in 2014, the Prime-Minister of Georgia, Mr. Irakli Garibashvilili, proposed the establishment of an Annual Silk Road Forum in Tbilisi, where the participants will be able to discuss transport, energy and trade related issues. This initiative closely relates to President Park Geun-Hye's "Eurasian initiative", also aimed at development and interconnection of transport and energy systems. Therefore, Georgia welcomes and supports Korea's intentions and is ready to cooperate in that direction.
The main standing objective of both our internal and external policy remains the issue of territorial integrity. In August 2008, Russian military aggression resulted in occupation of the inalienable Georgian territories of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia. Though Georgia's efforts to normalize its relations with Russia brought some results in terms of increased trade and renewed cultural ties, there is still no progress on the political and human rights issues. In fact, the situation is worsening on a daily basis. Russia conducts military drills in Georgia's occupied territories and signs illegal treaties with their proxy regimes. Thus it attempts to legitimize the annexation, undermine Georgia's sovereignty and territorial integrity, and threaten peace and stability in the whole Caucasus region. Our request is legitimate and firm: Russia should fulfill the 6-point Ceasefire Agreement of 2008, and withdraw its troops from Georgia's occupied regions.
Georgia's foreign policy priorities and the choice of its people remain resolute and clear - full integration into EU and NATO. The historic signature of the Association Agreement with the EU on 27 June, 2014 marked an important milestone in the EU-Georgia relations and opened a qualitatively new phase in our cooperation. Through gradual establishment of European norms and standards, the Agreement sets our country on the course of political association and economic integration with the EU.
In this context, the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area is particularly important as an integral part of the Association Agreement as it can boost the export of Georgian products to the EU by 12 %, and, in the long run, result in additional GDP growth of over 4 %. It creates opportunities in the biggest and most stable common market, equally accessible by the Georgian and international business. Trade with the EU without tariffs and barriers, and the high level of investment security will further improve the business environment in Georgia. EU is a “peace project” as well, and Georgia’s gradual economic integration should have a positive effect on the regional trade and stability.
We also hope that our intensive cooperation with NATO will soon lead Georgia to a Membership Accession Plan. Among others, our work with NATO is currently focused on establishing a NATO Training Center in Georgia as a part of a package of measures to boost Georgia's defense capabilities.
Georgia strives to diversify its economic and political partnerships, and to that end its interaction with the Republic of Korea is considered strategic. In 2014 we further developed our bilateral legal framework by signing cooperation agreements in the fields of maritime transport, culture, education, arts, youth and sports. A number of MoU's on cooperation have already been signed between the Georgian and Korean organizations, including Ministries and business associations.
Our economic and cultural ties are strengthening. Bilateral trade volume has increased significantly as well as the flow of Korean tourists to Georgia. A number of important large-scale infrastructure and energy projects in our country are being implemented by leading Korean corporations. In July 2014, Caucasus Cultural Festival took place in Seoul, where the Korean public had the opportunity to enjoy exciting Georgian folk dance performances and a fascinating photo-exhibition. In turn, Korean musicians and dancers also visited Georgia's capital with a wonderful performance.
It gives me a great pleasure to note that the Government of the Republic of Korea took the long-awaited decision to open its Embassy in Georgia in 2015. Given the increasing dynamics of our bilateral relations, this was a rather necessary step provided the vast potential for cooperation between our countries. Once the Korean diplomatic mission is settled in Tbilisi, we could double the efforts to strengthen our partnership and the benefits of our bilateral cooperation.